Aztec Women and Goddesses

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Chicomecoatl was the goddess of corn and fertility. So important was corn to the Aztecs that she was also known as "the goddess of nourishment. Coatlicue was goddess of the earth and mother of all the gods. She also gave birth to the moon and stars. She was depicted wearing a skirt made of snakes. Xochiquetzal was goddess of flowers, dance, and love.

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Birds and butterflies loved her very much and were frequently in her company. China The Chinese goddess Ma-Ku personifies the goodness in all people. She took land from the sea and planted it with mulberry trees. She freed the slaves from her cruel father. Kuan Yin represents wisdom and purity for the Chinese.

She has a thousand arms, symbolizing her infinite compassion. Ancient Greece and Rome Aphrodite was the Greek goddess who brought and maintained love in the world. Her Roman name was Venus. Artemis was the Greek goddess who ruled over the hunt and over women in childbirth. Her Roman name was Diana.

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Athena was the Greek goddess of crafts, war, and wisdom. Her Roman name was Minerva. Bona Dea was the Roman goddess of fertility. Her other name was Fauna. No man could be present at the annual festival for her in May.

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Demeter was the Greek goddess who made all things grow. Her Roman name was Ceres. Gaea was the Greek goddess of the earth. Her Roman name was Terra. Hera was the Greek protector of marriage and women. Her Roman name was Juno. Hestia was the Greek goddess of the hearth and home.

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Her Roman name was Vesta. Eos was the Greek goddess of the dawn. It was thought that she emerged every day from the ocean and rose into the sky on a chariot drawn by horses. The morning dew represented her tears of grief for her slain son. Ancient Egypt Isis invented agriculture.

She was the goddess of law, healing, motherhood, and fertility. She is sometimes depicted with a disk from the sun between two cow horns on her head or a headdress in the shape of a vulture. Hathor the goddess of love and mirth, protected children and pregnant women. She embodied the sky and was often depicted as a star-speckled "Celestial Cow," or just with a cow head or cow horns. Nephthys was goddess of the dead. She was a kind and understanding companion to the newly dead as well as to those left behind. She was sometimes represented as a bird, or with hieroglyphics that spelled her name above her head.

Nut represented the heavens and helped to put the world in order. She had the ability to swallow stars and the pharaohs and cause them to be born again. Her body was covered with painted stars. She existed before all else had been created.

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Sekhmet bloodthirsty goddess who attempted to destroy humanity. Hawaii Pele is the powerful Hawaiian goddess of fire. She lived in the Kilauea Volcano and ruled over the family of fire gods. When she was angry she would erupt and pour fiery rock over the land. Hiiaka is the youngest sister of Pele. She is a fierce warrior and yet a kind and calm friend of humanity. She gave people the healing arts, creative arts, and the gift of storytelling. This was an essential precaution, as weaning would not take place until the child was two years or older, and the Aztec had no animals whose milk could be used as a substitute.

During those four days, practical tasks were carried out along with pious rituals. The placenta was buried in a corner of the home. If the newborn was a boy, the umbilical cord was given to a warrior to bury in enemy territory. Since the main occupation of Aztec men was war, this rite was supposed to fill the future warrior with strength and courage. The naming ceremony was a key ritual in Aztec society.

It was the solemn duty of the father to inform the priests of the day and time of birth, and they in turn consulted the Tonalamatl, a kind of almanac structured around the day Aztec year, to discern the most appropriate name.

Despite the care provided throughout the pregnancy, childbirth was often lethal. If, in spite of all the effort made, the mother died in labor, she was regarded as a warrior who had died in combat. She was buried in a special temple at twilight, and her soul traveled to the house of the sun. There they would remain, until the gods sent them back to be born of another mother, and the cycle of birth and death turned once more. Read Caption.

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A tlamatlquiticitl washes a newborn in cold water in an illustration adapted from the 16th-century compendium on Aztec customs, the General History of the Things of New Spain. Call the Aztec Midwife: Childbirth in the 16th Century Hygiene and ritual marked every moment of life for pregnant Aztec women.

The tlamatlquiticitl—midwife—offered those in her charge a remarkable 16th-century birthing plan, combining practical care, drugs for pain relief, and religious ceremonies. By Isabel Bueno. Cihuacoatl, aspect of the goddess of fertility.

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Aztec Women and Goddesses Aztec Women and Goddesses
Aztec Women and Goddesses Aztec Women and Goddesses
Aztec Women and Goddesses Aztec Women and Goddesses
Aztec Women and Goddesses Aztec Women and Goddesses
Aztec Women and Goddesses Aztec Women and Goddesses
Aztec Women and Goddesses Aztec Women and Goddesses
Aztec Women and Goddesses Aztec Women and Goddesses
Aztec Women and Goddesses Aztec Women and Goddesses

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