Ethnic differences among Afro-Latin s, regional specificities, and entrenched racist ideas, and limited resources are among the obstacles to building a unified approach and broad visibility. How can we create consciousness among Latin s about the role of racism in our various communities, and among Afro-Latin s about their cross-ethnic connections?
How can digital technology help to organize, mobilize and ultimately execute our plan of action? What role can academics and cultural workers play in this work? An Associate Priest at St. Carlos Flores was born in Guayama, Puerto Rico, and has resided in the city of Chicago for the last five decades. Since the s he has accumulated an extensive track record in community and cultural activism in Chicago's Latino community, both as a participant and documentarian. For the last two decades he has been advocating for the acknowledgement and dissemination of information on the presence and contributions of Afro-Latin s in the United States.
Thus, increased participation in the informal labor market was necessary for survival which increased their chances of arrest, jail time, and depuration.
- (PDF) The Crime of Deportation | M Whitehead - ppln-oz.org;
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- The psychosocial impact of detention and deportation on U.S. migrant children and families.;
- Banished to the Homeland: Dominican Deportees and Their Stor by Grismal Mena on Prezi.
The deportation process as we see it today also has its roots the late twentieth century, though the processes and standards of the court are highly susceptible to change due to lack of resources. Immigration is considered an administrative process, which does not hold it to providing representation or due process to people who face court. What is more, there is limited economic or social oversite for the immigration and deportation process, making exploitation rampant.
Banished to the Homeland
The process loosely breaks down in this order: 1. ICE identifies and arrests the undocumented person. The person is kept in detention. The timeline for detention is dependent on the area of the country and the burden on the immigration court. The person appears in immigration court. They can apply for asylum or another protection during court proceedings. It is highly unlikely that someone already in immigration court will be accepted for asylum, but chances slightly increase with proper representation.
The person is given their ruling and then is either released or placed in back in detention until they can be deported. The person is deported to their country of origin with a record of either criminal or non-criminal deportee. In the last few years under the Trump administration deportations have steadily increased, though they have not yet reached the peak.
International Policies and Interventions The United States is distinctive among the nations of the Global North for its strict criminalization of drugs and high incarceration rate. However, the refugee crisis in Europe has made the US one of many nations with strict immigration policies and closed-door beliefs about migrants. The growth of the far-right movements in Europe in the face of the migrant crisis coming from the Middles East and Northern Africa have seen a rise in recent years similar to the United States , making anti migrant policies often have a sting of racism and xenophobia.
In response to these growing movements the UN is proposing more resolutions to not only protect migrant rights, but also counter anti-migrant and anti-refugee stigma Garner, The Security Council Counter Terrorism Committee has agreed upon several resolutions as of to inform the deportation process of member nations. One such resolution, 5.
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Thus, in many ways changes to immigration proceedings and policies can feel like the swinging of a pendulum, and entirely dependent on which political party is in power in the United States. For this reason, policy alternatives must avoid making confronting the human rights abuses or discrimination that is rampant in the law in order to see effective change and greater support across party lines.
Policy alternatives could include: 1. Alter the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act IIRIRA to only include violent crimes and once the sentence is served, immigration court does not classify a deportee as criminal or non-criminal to country of origin. Change the definition of deportation as an administrative process to a punishment, so that it allows potential deportees to dispute their deportation sentence 3.
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Allow those facing immigration court to have the same privileges as in criminal court, such as access to a lawyer, right to appeal, and allowances for mental state and age. Justification of Policy Recommendation The policy recommendation that would be most effective in decreasing the discrimination and fear for many facing immigration court would be to expand the privileges of those who face immigration court proceedings. Much of the rhetoric surrounding tough immigration policy, particularly in the last three years has leaned heavily on racist and discriminatory ideologies about immigrants and their countries of origin.
By changing the policies and laws around the proceedings of immigration court could allow for the more equitable distribution of resources and alleviate some strain felt by overextended immigration judges by opening them up to more acceptable judges and force court proceedings to align more with non-discrimination laws Bahamonde, Banished to the Homeland: Dominican deportees and their stories of exile.
Columbia University Press: NY. Garner, S. The European Union and the racialization of immigration, Bahamonde, S. Due Process for U. Permanent Residents: The Right to Counsel.
Banished to the Homeland: Dominican Deportees and Their Stories of Exile
Latin Americanist, 60 4 , — The making of Asian America: A history. Harman, D. Concern rises over Dominican deportees. The Christian Science Monitor. Public Integrity, 20 4 , — Related Papers.
By Jessica Sato and Sandy Placido. Latino immigrant men and the deportation crisis: A gendered racial removal program. By Tanya Golash-Boza.
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